What is last?
A Last is the foot form, usually wood, metal or plastic onto which the shoe is built. Lasting is the process of stretching a stitched shoe upper around a last so that a midsole and outsole can be attached.
The curve of the three main lasts are shown in the diagram on the right.
A - Straight (or stability) last
Provides the extra stability and control required by runners with lower arches and would also appeal to heavier runners who need greater medial support.
B - Standard (or semi-curved) last
This suits runners with medium arches and is featured on most shoes.
C - Curved (or performance) last
For runners with high arches.
Some shoes have special constructions for specific purposes; for example racing flats are built to the performance last, designed for faster runners and providing extra lateral support and highly efficient heel-to-toe transition.
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